following subtopics are discussed in this article -
General Discussion(34 PICT/3 Carburetor)
To get an engine
to accelerate smoothly, you need both an advance in the timing
and an increase in fuel flow. The vacuum distributor senses
when you open the throttle and provides the extra advance timing.
It is the duty of the accelerator pump to provide the increase
in fuel flow.
you open the throttle, the airflow increases immediately but
the fuel (being more dense than air) takes a moment to catch
up with the increased airflow. This would result in a lean mixture
for a few moments (the car would hesitate), so the carburetor
has an accelerator pump built into the side of it which supplies
a shot of fuel to ensure smooth acceleration. The accelerator
pump connected by a linkage to the accelerator; when acceleration
is required, the pump squirts a spray of fuel directly into
the throat of the carburetor to momentarily increase the fuel-to-air
concentration. You can see it operate if you pull the air cleaner
off and look down the carburetor throat.
is a small bent brass pipe right pointing right straight down
the throat of the carburetor-- this it the delivery tube. Grab
the throttle arm and pull it firmly (like you were pushing down
on the accelerator). You should see a squirt of fuel from the
delivery tube straight down the throat of the carburetor.
you pull on the throttle arm very slowly you'll see that the
accelerator pump does nothing -- no squirt. It's set that way
because when you open the throttle slowly the fuel flow has
time to keep up with the increasing airflow - no extra shot
of fuel is necessary.
want as little accelerator pump squirt as possible to remove
the stumble from the engine. Too much gas will wash the oil
off of the cylinder walls (wearing out the pistons and rings)
and will reduce the miles per gallon. so be conservative in
your adjustment of the accelerator pump.
Measure the "Squirt"(34 PICT/3 Carburetor)
34 PICT/3 carburetor has a bell-crank with an adjusting bolt
on the right side of the carburetor (see the Exploded
Figure in our Carburetor Disassembly
and Cleaning procedure, as well as the picture below). The quantity of gasoline that is
injected upon acceleration can be measured, as follows -
the top off of the carburetor to provide access to the accelerator
the float bowl filled with fuel, attach a length of small
tubing to the discharge end of the accelerator pump injector
so that the expelled gasoline can be caught and measured in
a 25-ml graduated cylinder.
Note: Maybe you can get
the tubing on the end of the injector without removing the
top off of the carburetor -- I sure couldn't! Save yourself
some grief -- it's only five little bolts.
the graduate under the end of the tubing and operate the throttle
valve rapidly exactly ten times.
the amount of gasoline caught and divide by ten to get the
average quantity of a single injection pulse. The average
quantity should be 1.45 to 1.75 ml for the 34-PICT/3 carburetor.
Rob suggests another method that might be easier -
To measure the accelerator pump squirt, it's easiest to just take the carburetor completely off, being careful to no spill fuel out of the carburetor bowl. Put a container (e.g., a glass jar etc.) under the carburetor throat, then pull the throttle arm smartly - you should get 1.4-1.6cc (ml). If you operate the arm say five times you can then measure the 7-8ml easy enough. Divide the volume you obtain by the number of times you operated the throttle arm. Don't operate the arm much more than five times, as the fuel level in the bowl will be diminishing each time you pull the throttle arm - eventually you'll run out of fuel in the float bowl.
Adjust the Injection Quantity(34 PICT/3 Carburetor)
the retaining bolt on the adjusting segment (on the accelerator
pump mechanism, right side of the carburetor).
the bell-shaped adjusting segment counterclockwise (so that the retaining bolt moves clockwise in the slot in the adjusting bell) to increase the injection quantity; turn the adjusting segment clockwise to
decrease injection quantity.
Accelerator Pump Adjuster
Please note carefully: It
is the ADJUSTING SEGMENT that you turn counterclockwise to increase the injection
quantity, NOT the retaining bolt. If you do it backwards,
you'll have a terrible "stumbling on acceleration" problem.
(Once again, "Voice of Experience!")
- Tighten the retaining bolt
and recheck the injection quantity.
Note: To compensate for the flat spot inherent in the 009 distributor (but ONLY this distributor), adjust the accelerator
pump injection quantity to the maximum; i.e., move the adjusting
segment counterclockwise as far as it will go.
Pump Linkage/Alternator Interference
also our Alternator
Pump Interference article.
our 1971 1600dp engine, equipped with a 34PICT/3 carburetor
and an alternator (1971 engines had generators), we
found that the accelerator pump linkage was impinging on the
alternator in two places -- the accelerator pump adjustment
screw, and immediately forward of the accelerator pump itself.
We couldn't see the latter interference readily because of
the air cleaner and the automatic choke. This interference
was preventing the idle screw from touching the choke cam
like it's supposed to, thus making it impossible to properly
tune the carburetor.
interference was puzzling to us at first -- the intake manifold
and heat riser assembly is all in one piece, and we thought
surely that the alternator was designed to fit. This was before
we realized that this assemblage of components was designed
to work with a generator, not an alternator. The alternator
is larger in diameter than the generator, especially at the
suggested that we raise the carburetor so that the accelerator
pump linkage would clear the alternator. He wrote - It would
be a very simple job for a workshop to make a spacer out of
brass for you (to fit under the carburetor to raise it up).
You'd just need to take one of the gaskets to them to use
as a pattern, and decide how high it needs to be (1/2 inch
or so?) Then use a gasket on both sides of the new spacer
and you are in business. 2-3 gaskets under the carburetor
might be enough, if you can't get a spacer.
not sure about the bolt length on the carburetor though --
you might have to replace the studs with longer ones or use
through-bolts. If they currently have a little spare thread
under the nut, measure this length and determine whether this
thickness spacer would give you enough lift. Even 1/4-inch
might do it.
finally solved the interference problem three ways -- we raised
the carburetor a bit with three home-made gaskets, ground
a bit off of the adjusting bell and nut, and ground just a
titch off of the alternator body with a Dremel.
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