Disc Brakes

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The following topics related to disc brakes are discussed in this article -

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Discussion

Rob wrote - We have disc brakes on the front of our Bugs here in Australia. I never could understand why VW gave the U.S. bigger engines first (in 1970 the U.S. got the 1600cc engine, while we kept the 1500cc), but left U.S. cars with drums on the front brakes. I suspect that it was a cost thing. U.S. cars also got the double joint (IRS) rear suspension in 1968. In Australia only the automatics got it, and we had to wait until 1971 and the Super to get the IRS. Itís like -- the US wants a better suspension, so they get the IRS, but to keep the cost down we'll leave them with drums brakes on the front. The U.S. also got reversing lights, rear window demister and double joint rear axle before anyone else. The drum brakes DO work OK I guess.

The disc brake pads last a LONG time -- just three replacement sets of pads on my 1970 Bug so far. And I have NEVER had to replace any of the seals/calipers etc. in my disc brakes. The discs are now getting a bit too shiny -- I'll get them machined when I do the car up. That will be the first time for machining too.

Another thing you (and I) can do to improve brakes is to fit Type 3 rear drums. These have wider shoes, but apparently they fit straight on. I haven't bothered because mine seem to be okay (they need machining too now though), but I believe it can make a big difference, and the performance boys usually go this route.

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Drum-to-Disc Conversion

See our Disk Brake Installation procedure.

The conversion from drum brakes to disc brakes is easy enough with a conversion kit. There are several types of VW disc sets though. Mine are identical to the Type 3 units from about 1966 -- they have single retaining pins on the pads. A later version has two pins. Doesn't matter which you have, they both work VERY well. The original master cylinder can be used, but there is a specific one for the discs -- it uses a different method of bleed holes inside the cylinder to move brake fluid back into the reservoir. There is no fade with disc brakes -- even when pulling a big load (I've done THAT a few times). You'd like the disk brakes -- they feel very 'solid'. Gives the VW confident braking.

Dave wrote - Iíve been able to improve my standard braking system significantly, but Iím still not satisfied with them. I have quite a complete set of instructions, with pictures, on how to install disk brakes on the front of a Super Beetle -- it doesnít look all that hard. I looked in the Rocky Mountain Motorworks catalog (now Mid-America Motorworks) for disc brake conversion kits -- $300 American for both Standard Bugs and Supers. The SB conversion kit from TopLine Parts is also $300. (Dave ultimately purchased his disk brake kit from Aircooled.Net for $280, excluding the braided stainless steel brake lines. With the stainless steel brake lines, the kit is $320.)

Advice from John Connolly (Aircooled.Net) regarding conversion to disc brakes -

Convert to front disc brakes: Plan on three hours. Super Beetle and 4-lug Standard Beetles alike will really benefit from this upgrade (especially if you are planning on increasing your driving speed with engine and suspension modifications). There are two distinct advantages to disc brakes:

  • They are self adjusting (VW drum brakes need to be manually adjusted).
  • In wet weather, you will have great stopping power because they are "self cleaning" and shed themselves of excess water and dirt. Drum brakes do not.

No master cylinder change is required. If you are installing disc brakes on a single-circuit system, try it first before installing a dual-circuit master cylinder. The dual-circuit system IS better/safer in case of a system leak on the pressure side. You can always switch to a dual-circuit master cylinder later, but it's possible you won't need to.

Consider adding stainless brake hoses while you are at it; these swell less for a firmer pedal and better feel. 4-lug car owners should also consider changing rear brakes to the Type 3 units; scrounge the junkyard and get everything from the backing plate out. They bolt right on and are about twice as effective as your stock units, and retain your stock emergency brake.

Dave wondered how difficult it would be to take the disc brakes from one car and install them on another with drum brakes.

Rob responded - I wandered into a wreckers yesterday and found a complete front disc brake assembly which would fit your car. They are complete assemblies still on a VW, there would not be any missing parts. There is not much to them really -- the spindle (I don't know if that's different to the drum spindles), the disc, the caliper. The brake lines are the same as far as I know, and your master cylinder should work OK since the newer types are "universal" (the first disc master cylinders were the same size but had a different pressure relief system to the drums).

Note: It is probably not possible to remove the disc brakes from a car in the junk yard and install them directly on to another car with drum brakes. The conversion kit includes a special bracket that bolts to the spindle assembly using the threaded holes that had been used to attach the backing plate. The disc brake calipers bolt to this bracket.

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Disc Brake Pads

Rob reported the change out of the front disc pads on his Bug - I changed the front disc pads on the weekend. You remember me saying it was pulling to the left a little under brakes. When I pulled them I realised that worn pads were the probably cause -- the inner pads were wafer thin. I didn't have any new pads available and tried a couple of local auto shops on the off chance... (my "one pin" pads are Bendix DB23, which are also used by some early Alfas) but no luck, so I borrowed the 1/2 worn pads from my other Bug (currently not drivable). Big difference -- nice smooth brakes now. I should really get the discs machined too - they are a little too mirror like and not as flat as they should be. I'd love to do that myself -- I have access to an excellent lathe -- we'll see.

Squeeky Disc Brakes

Someone wrote - I have installed new disk brakes on the front of my '64 bug, The left side squeaks a lot. The squeek stops when I put on the brakes, or even just rest my foot on the peddle when moving. The right side is fine. What could the problem be?

Rob responded - There are a couple of possibilities you can check out.

  1. The wavy spring under the retaining pin(s). If this is not tight against the pin or pins (I presume you have the later 2-pin style of disc brake assembly) it can sometimes cause squeaking because the pads are moving a fraction when they shouldn't. If it is loose you can try bending it a little so it's tight against the pins.
  2. The wheel bearings need adjusting - if they are even a tiny bit loose they allow the whole rotor to move and touch the pads. The clearance between pads and disc with the brake off is only a few thousandths of an inch so it doesn't take much movement for the rotor to touch a pad. It's very easy to adjust the bearings - with the wheel off the ground, loosen the locking screw on the main nut, tighten the nut until the rotor starts to bind, then, without moving the rotor at all, loosen the nut and finger tighten it back up so all the slack is taken up but it's not binding the bearings, then tighten the locking screw.
  3. There is also an anti-squeak copper based grease you can put between the pad and the piston which might help, but I'm not in favour of using this stuff unless you really have to - I just don't like the idea of ANY lubricant anywhere near the pads and rotors. If you do try this stuff use only the thinnest of smeers.

 

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